Now you can 3D-Print your house in 24 Hours!
Sounds unbelievable right? Well, Apis Cor, the Company responsible for the creation of the World’s First Ever Mobile Construction 3D- Printer wants you to believe so. In fact, the Company, with the help of a Russian Company called PIK, has even managed to build an entire House using its 3D- printing Technology in Stupino Town, Russia, near the Capital Region of Moscow.
How much is it gonna cost ?
The time taken by the machine for printing the House was estimated to be 24 Hours, spread around an area of about 38 Square metres, with the total expense estimated being over $10000(around 6,42,250 INR), which makes it around $275(17,660 INR) per square metre. The company says that the amounted of expense stated is because of the use of the highest Quality materials, and of the rather unusual shape of the House. They say that if a Regular Square- shaped house is made using their equipment with a standard material quality, then it could get as cheap as about $223(14320 INR)per square metre. Note that the expenses estimated only include Construction Expenses.
So, how was this House actually made?
The Construction took place in a testing facility of Apis Cor at the town of Stupino. The design of this house, as said earlier, is an unusual one. Apis Cor said that the purpose of such a design was to prove that a house printed by their equipment can be moulded into any form, and can be constructed with any type of material available. The printing equipment makes the use of a concrete mixture, which, in this case, can be called as an “ink” for construction.
There was an initial hurdle while preparing the mixture, as the temperatures at the site of construction were very low, and printing the ink was only possible at temperature above 5° C. While the machine itself is capable of working at temperatures even as low as -35° C, the printing of ink required a higher temperature. To counter this problem, special tents were set up at the construction site, which brought up the temperature at the required level.
For printing, different materials of high-quality were used with the help of some manufacturing Companies, which were partners in this project. The self-bearing walls and partitions, along with the building envelope were printed within a day, and the time of printing required by the machine was estimated at 24 hours.The result was a normal looking, but beautiful house, consisting of a living room, a hall, a kitchen and a Bathroom. Most of the electronic appliances to be used in this house were provided by Samsung.
Advantages over Conventional Methods of construction
Well, it does have some obvious advantages over Conventional Methods of Construction. One of the key advantages is the reduction in Human Labour required. Usage of 3D-Printing in construction can reduce a lot of labour work and costs. Moreover, it significantly reduces the time to prepare a building. While the start of a construction of a building using traditional methods would require a lot of work, from production of concrete blocks from factories, to their delivery at the construction site, and then the amount of time needed for masonry works.
With all that said, are we really ready for this?
Well, we kinda are, but we have not yet reached there. The 3D-Printer designed by Apis Cor is definitely a Great Innovation, and the Company seems to have great plans for the future. But that being said, a large-scale global implementation of such a construction technique would require a lot of time and Investment. While the expenditure incurred in the construction of the house is acceptable, the resources and investment needed to produce the machines required for such kind of construction would likely be a lot more. Whatever may be the case, this definitely will be our future, but there’s a lot of time to get there.
Information & Image Source : http://apis-cor.com/en/